Print ISSN: 2790-0207

Online ISSN: 2790-0215

Keywords : Anemia


Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children with Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome

Mayyadah Kifah Khawaja; Faliha Hassan

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2022, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 18-30
DOI: 10.32894/kjms.2022.136168.1036

Abstract
Anemia is one of the many complications seen in patients with persistent nephrotic syndrome and may occur as a result of excessive urinary losses of iron, transferrin, erythropoietin, transcobalamin and/or metals.
Aim of the study: search for iron deficiency in children with nephrotic syndrome.
Patient and method: This cross-sectional study included two groups of patients, 40 patients with steroid sensitive and resistant nephrotic syndrome, aged 2-12 year of age, of either sex, who attended Child Central Teaching hospital during the period from June 2018 to April 2019. A thorough full history and clinical examination was done and all patients have been sent for investigation to search for anemia.
Results: 35% of patients with steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome were complaining from anemia, while none of patients with steroid responsive had anemia of any cause.
There was a significant difference (P= 0.001) between study group in Blood Film results as all patients of responsive group showed normal blood film compared to only seventy-five percent in resistant group.
Conclusion: iron deficiency anemia has been observed to occur in higher frequency in steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome due to difficulty in controlling proteinuria and the continuing iron losses.

Anemia in Pregnant Women in Kirkuk Governorate

Mohammed Ali Khalaf; Dalia Maher Khider; Bilal Jamal Kamal

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 78-85
DOI: 10.32894/kjms.2020.169358

Background: Anemia is defined as hemoglobin levels of ≤ 11 g/dl , is one of the world's leading causes of disability , and thus one of the most serious global public health problems .More than (50%) of the pregnant women in the world are anemic. Knowledge about the anemia is very important in our community. This knowledge will encourage those who work in primary health care (PHCS) provider for pregnant women to detect the problem earlier and treat the problem properly.
Aims: Is to determine the effective factors related to anemia in pregnant women in Kirkuk governorate. Patient & Method: A total of 250 pregnant women were asked while attending antenatal unit in Azadi Teaching Hospital and several Primary Health Centers in Kirkuk City out patients clinic from 25.10. 2014 to1.3.2015. Data were taken involve: age, residency, educational level, history of last menstrual period, onset of anemia and level of hemoglobin (Hb). These data were organized in special questionnaire prepared for this purpose.
Results: From the total (250) pregnant women (61.6%) of them have low Hemoglobin (Hb) level mild, moderate or severe anemia the majority of them (75.33%) with mild anemia. according to severity the rate was (3.2%).
Conclusions and Recommendations: The prevalence of anemia among women in Kirkuk city during pregnancy is high (61.6%) in compare to (52%) in the world wide in developing countries.

Prevalence of Anemia during Pregnancy in Kirkuk Province

Hassan Y. Hassan; Abdulhadi M. Jumaa M. Jumaa; Fadheelah S. Azeez S. Azeez

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2018, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 66-70
DOI: 10.32894/kjms.2021.169414

Background: Anemia is defined as a state of decreased blood concentration of hemoglobin which can by too few red blood cells, too little hemoglobin in red blood cells or both. Worldwide, anemia is considered as one of the major nutritional deficiency disorders. In developing countries, almost two thirds of pregnant ladies are anemic. Most of the studies suggest that there is a significant rise in perinatal mortality rate when hemoglobin of pregnant woman becomes pregnant below 11.0 g/dl. The aim of study is to estimate prevalence of anemia during pregnancy in Kirkuk province. Subjects and methods: This study was conducted at the beginning of May to the end of September 2017. 100 females, whose ages were between 18-35 years, were collected randomly in Kirkuk province (50 pregnant females and 50 nonpregnant females at childbearing age as control). The mean and standard deviation of our sample ages were 27.72+5.38 years (23.39+4.1 years for nonpregnant females and 31.9+2.3 years for pregnant females). Among pregnant females, the mean and standard deviation of ages were 28.17+1.2 for 1st trimester, 32.2+2 for 2nd trimester and 32.9+1.4 for 3rd trimester. 68 of our sample were from urban areas and 32 from rural areas. 3 ml of blood drawn from the cubital vein by using disposable needles and syringes. CBC (complete blood count) was estimated by using same automated analyser in same laboratory. 5 parameters (Hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), Mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)) have collected for each woman in this study. Results: In this study, it has been seen that the changes in all parameters during pregnancy becomes more obvious in last two trimesters of pregnancy. Conclusions: Regarding results of present study, prevalence of anemia during pregnancy in Kirkuk province is high and type of anemia is mild anemia