Print ISSN: 2790-0207

Online ISSN: 2790-0215

Keywords : Children

The manifestation of COVID 19 virus in children in Kirkuk city

Shan Nadhmi

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2021, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 204-217
DOI: 10.32894/kjms.2021.169938

The study is dealing with a pandemic and highly infectious disease which is COVID 19, that caused a pandemic in world and affected a huge number of children in Kirkuk city.
The objectives of this study are to assess the different presentations, signs & symptoms of COVID 19 in children in Kirkuk city in order to diagnose these cases as soon as possible and isolate them .
This is a community-based descriptive cross-sectional study done in children presenting to Pediatric hospital in Kirkuk city and privet clinics from the period of June 2020 until July 2021, 120 children infected with COVID 19 virus and diagnosed by PCR from nasal swap were collected using a questionaire, containing details of his condition.
The study had showed that children may present with a variety of symptoms, like: fever, cough, nasal congestion, loss of smell and/or taste, dyspnea or GIT symptoms like: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal, others with headache, dizziness, muscle aches and poor feeding.
Children infected with COVID 19 might present with a wide variety of symptoms, like respiratory, GIT, CNS or non-specific symptoms, and it is important to send them nasal swap for PCR for early diagnosis, isolation and start the proper treatment with them


Jameel Azeez

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2021, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 30-46
DOI: 10.32894/kjms.2021.169936

Background: Kerosene poisoning is one of the most common accidental poisoning in children in developing countries due common use of kerosene in house-hold and unsafe storage practices
Aim Of The Study: The aim of this study was to identify the demographics, incidence, clinical features, radiological findings and treatment of kerosene poisoning in children in Kirkuk city.
Patients And Methods: Seventy two cases were admitted immediately to the emergency department in Kirkuk pediatric hospitals, Kerosene ingestion during the period from the 1st of june 2020 to the 1st of june 2021. Fifty four cases (75%) were boys and 18 cases (25%) were girls, and age ranges from 10 months to 10 years. Information regarding the history was taken from their parents , by special questionnaire paper (appendix) statistical method is used in this study.

1. It appears clearly that kerosene pneumonia in Iraq is most often of mild to moderate degree of severity with no mortality.

Detection of Some Microbial Infectious Agents among Children Aging Below Two Years in Kirkuk City

Yahya Jirjees Salman; Luqman Ali Salih

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2013, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 53-61
DOI: 10.32894/kjms.2013.169491

Background: The diagnosis of infectious agents of diarrhea among children is a challenging clinical problem in daily practice. Aim: This study was undertaken to detect some microbial agents among children suffuring from diarrhea below two years in Kirkuk city. Sitting and design: Clinical blocked controlled study on 221 children in Kirkuk city. Materials and methods: by Stool examination using different methods including routine stool examination for bacteria and parasites and some special tests for Rota viruses and other pathogens. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square test. Results: From examination of 221 stool samples, only 145(65.59% ) samples were positive for microbial agents, which included:35.29%,23.07% and 7.33 % for protozoan, rotavirus and bacterial infections respectively P<0.05.The common protozoa involve Entamoeba histolytica 19.09 %,Cryptosporidium oocysts 14.47 % and Giardia lamblia 0.90 % P<0.05.Realationship between the distribution of microbial infection in regard of gender and child age was significant in which protozoan infections in males 20.34% was higher than females14.91 %, while it was not significant in regard of Rota-virus and bacterial infections .Also intestinal infections rate 11.73 % was higher among children aging from 19 to 24 months than other age groups reversely to 8.13 % of rotavirus infection that recorded among children aging from one month to 6 months. High rate of rotavirus infection 15.38 % was recorded among children depending on bottle feed comparing to breast and mixed mode of feed P<0.05.While mixed modes of feeding both bottle & breast feeds reveal high rates of intestinal protozoa and bacterial infections, the rates were 14.47 % and 3.7 % respectively P<0.05.The association of microorganism distributions with family member numbers and child family residency were statistically significant P<0.05. Relationships between microbial distributions and socio-economic state of children families, stool consistency, pH and number of feces discharge per day were not significant statistically. Conclusion: microbial infectious agents rates among children below two years old in Kirkuk city were high specially Entamoeba histolytica ,Cryptosporidium parvum and rotavirus.