Print ISSN: 2790-0207

Online ISSN: 2790-0215

Main Subjects : Psychiatry


New-Onset Diabetic Ketoacidosis Precipitated by COVID-19 in Children :a casa report

Amal Adnan

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, In Press

Abstract
There is increasing evidence that the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is considered as a potential trigger virus for the development of diabetes mellitus in children. This can occur even in patients without factors predisposing to impaired glucose metabolism like obesity . Here, we report a rare case of diabetic ketoacidosis revealing new-onset diabetes and precipitated by COVID-19. The relationship between type 1 diabetes mellitus and COVID-19 is discussed. Results: A 13 years old girl developed symptoms suggestive of diabetic ketoacidosis preceded by polyuria, polydipsia, and lethergy. There is a documented COVID-19 infection in her parents . An asymptomatic infection was detected on the basis of a reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) . she responded well to treatment, including rehydration regimens and intravenous insulin. On the 4th day of her hospitalization, she was transferred to several injections of subcutaneous insulin with therapeutic and nutritional education from the parents. Conclusion. COVID-19 can induce acute onset diabetes and diabetic ketoacidosis in children. More research data are needed to improve our knowledge of this constellation and to guide the most appropriate therapies.

Violence Among Schizophrenic Pateints In AlRashad Training Hospital

Muhamed Mahmood

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2021, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 218-250
DOI: 10.32894/kjms.2021.170175

Abstract
Back round
Schizophrenia comes in a variety of subtypes that are categorized according to the symptoms manifested. One of these subtypes is characterised by hostility and distrusting (paranoid). This type is more prone to different types of overt aggression .
A main goal in secure forensic mental health services is to reduce violence and prevent violent recidivism by patients after discharge.

Aims
1-To identify patterns of violence among inpatients admitted to forensic units.



Method
1. This cross sectional study was conducted in AL Rashaad Training Hospital ( Forensic unit and other therapeutic wards ). The study sample consists of seventy inpatients in forensic unit compared to seventy inpatients in the ordinary wards. Both were selected randomly from a period from March 2020.to December 2020 .

Results
The results showed that there is high violent behaviour committed by schizophrenic patients at time of admission in forensic unit which were (attempted murder 37.1% , murder 21.4% ) while in ordinary wards were (5.7% , and 0% respectively) , both groups showed no significant difference in expressing different types of violent acts after their admission .In addition , the control group inpatients showed relatively high scoring in expressing all different patterns of violence.

Conclusion
Although the violence as a cause for admission , was very high in forensic unit , the results showed that the rate of violence for both groups, mostly, was not significantly different from ordinary ward after a suitable period of admission.