1 Department of Nursing, Sulaimaniyah Poly-technic University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

2 Department of Surgery, Medical College, Sulaimaniyah University.

3 Department of Community Medicine, Medical College, Sulaimaniyah University.


Background: Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal sinus (SPNS) isa common problem has a variable presentation and many surgical techniques for treatment. Still, there is controversy about the best method of surgery, because of notable rates of recurrence. Objective: The aim is to clarify the better, cost-effective and less painful method for treating patients having SPNS. Methods: This is a retrospective study of 119 patients with SPNS, treated by two different surgical methods: group A (69 patients) treated with open surgery and group B (50 patients) treated by primary midline closure. The patients followed for 2 years. Comparison between the two groups was done, for post-operative complications and recurrence. The data were analyzed using of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 21. Chi square used to determine association between variables. P value < 0.05 is regarded statistically significant. Results: From 119 patients: Group A (69 cases) underwent open surgery and group B (50 cases) had primary closure. Postoperative infection was (5.9%), bleeding (2.5%), scar fissuring (5.9%) and chronic pain (3.4%). Recurrence found in 6 patients (5%); 2(2.9%) in Group A and 4(8%) in Group B. Conclusions: The open method needs multiple dressings which are coasty and painful, longer healing time and may be complicated by scar fissuring, but of lower recurrent and infection. The closed method is preferablefor patient's comfort, and it is costeffectiveness.