Department of Surgery, Medical College, Kirkuk University
Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has now replaced open cholecystectomy for the treatment of gallbladder diseases. However, laparoscopic cholecystectomy may cause various complications an important one of them is biliary injury. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been practiced for close to 25 years. The rate of common duct injury remains somewhere between 0.4 to 0.7 percent and is approximately the same around the world. Recent papers have stressed in which ways laparoscopic common duct injury can be avoided but none of the methods mentioned is foolproof. In addition, this complication can occur to even the most experienced laparoscopic surgeon. This injury to be emphasized by the surgical community as an inherent risk of the operation, and patients should be fully informed of this potential complication. Aim: Of this study is to assess the outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) by determining the incidence of biliary leak and avoid it. Settings: Surgical wards of Azadi Teaching Hospital Kirkuk between 2013- 2015. Patients and Method: This is a prospective study of 204 patients. We evaluated the data according to outcome measures, such as bile duct injury, morbidity, mortality. Result: During this period, 204 patients underwent LC, of whom two patients (1%) have minor bile duct injuries. Conclusion: Biliary tract injury is a major complication of LC. Anatomical anomalies, local pathology, and poor surgical techniques are the main responsible factors.