1 Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Tikrit University

2 Department of Pathology Analysis, Hawija Technical Institution


Background: Anemia is defined as a state of decreased blood concentration of hemoglobin which can by too few red blood cells, too little hemoglobin in red blood cells or both. Worldwide, anemia is considered as one of the major nutritional deficiency disorders. In developing countries, almost two thirds of pregnant ladies are anemic. Most of the studies suggest that there is a significant rise in perinatal mortality rate when hemoglobin of pregnant woman becomes pregnant below 11.0 g/dl. The aim of study is to estimate prevalence of anemia during pregnancy in Kirkuk province. Subjects and methods: This study was conducted at the beginning of May to the end of September 2017. 100 females, whose ages were between 18-35 years, were collected randomly in Kirkuk province (50 pregnant females and 50 nonpregnant females at childbearing age as control). The mean and standard deviation of our sample ages were 27.72+5.38 years (23.39+4.1 years for nonpregnant females and 31.9+2.3 years for pregnant females). Among pregnant females, the mean and standard deviation of ages were 28.17+1.2 for 1st trimester, 32.2+2 for 2nd trimester and 32.9+1.4 for 3rd trimester. 68 of our sample were from urban areas and 32 from rural areas. 3 ml of blood drawn from the cubital vein by using disposable needles and syringes. CBC (complete blood count) was estimated by using same automated analyser in same laboratory. 5 parameters (Hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), Mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)) have collected for each woman in this study. Results: In this study, it has been seen that the changes in all parameters during pregnancy becomes more obvious in last two trimesters of pregnancy. Conclusions: Regarding results of present study, prevalence of anemia during pregnancy in Kirkuk province is high and type of anemia is mild anemia