Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kirkuk University


Background: Lipid abnormalities are common in diabetic patients and associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and increased risk of coronary artery disease, this study was carried out to determine the degree of lipid abnormalities among type II diabetic patients in Kirkuk City. Patients and Methods: One hundred twenty patients with type II diabetes and (120) control group (non-diabetic) who attended Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk City from November 2012 to October 2013 were included in the study. Demographic features recorded and the level of fasting: blood sugar, total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) was measured. Results: Patients with type II diabetes mellitus (DM) showed statistically significant lipid abnormalities when compared with the control group. Overall lipid abnormalities were detected in (55%) of patients with type II DM. Those with poor glycemic control showed significantly higher lipid abnormalities than patients with fair glycemic control. We found no statistically significant difference in lipid abnormalities in relation to the duration of diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: Outcome of this study showed that a high proportion of patients with type II DM have some forms of derangement in their lipid profile and is correlated with poor glycemic control.