Depression among Pregnant Women of Displaced Families in Kirkuk Governorate
Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences,
2015, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 63-71
AbstractBackground: Major depression is twice more common in women than in men and frequently clusters during the childbearing years. Depression is one of the most common complications in pregnancy. Displacement with the whole family correlated with: heavier depressive disorder in general, deeper depressive mood, higher suicidality rate and poor sense of efficacy.
Objectives: The aim of the study is to determine the frequency of depressive disorder among pregnant women of displaced familises.
Patients and Methods: This study consists of 88 pregnant women of any gestational age, of displaced families from four governorates which are Diyala, Salahuddin, Nineveh and Al-Anbar and from Al-Hawija District which is a district of the Kirkuk governorate, where armed groups have taken control of all these areas, compared with 88 control pregnant of indigenous families, matched for sociodemographic, age, parity, gestational age and educational background. The clients selected randomly from primary health care centers in Kirkuk city. The study was conducted during the period between, October 2014 and July 2015. The Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) was used to detect prenatal depression.
Results: The highest frequency of depressive symptoms with significant difference (pvalue<0.001) were among pregnant women of displaced families (48.86%) than pregnant women of indigenous families (22.7%).
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, about (48.86%) of pregnant women of displaced families experience depressive disorder during antenatal period. Given the potential impact of antenatal mental disturbances on maternal and infant outcomes.
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