Obesity and COVID-19
Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences,
2021, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 250-266
Background: Obesity is a recognized risk factor for severe COVID-19, possibly related to chronic inflammation that disrupts immune and thrombogenic responses to pathogens as well as to impaired lung function from excess weight. Obesity is a common metabolic disease; approximately two in three Iraqi adult participants were overweight/obese.
Aim of Study: The aim of this study is to investigate the association between COVID-19 disease severity and obesity among sample of Iraqi patients.
Patient and methods: A prospective observational study included 609 patients with confirmed Covid-19 infection carried out in Azadi and alShifaa14 hospitals and on outpatient cases in Kirkuk city from 1st November2020 to 30 April 2021 through which BMI was calculated for each patient and correlated with severity.
Results: The study showed that majority of patients (77.9%) were overweight or obese., majority of patients (63.5%) were in sever condition, (24.5%) patients were in mild state, and only 2 patients were critical ill. The males gender were associated with more severe cases (p=0.018). The age was associated with more severity (p=0.0001). BMI showed an association with viral disease severity, in which over weight and obese categories were had more severe symptoms (p=0.0001).
Conclusions: BMI showed an association with COVID-19 Disease status, in which overweight and obese categories were had more severe symptoms (p=0.0001). The study revealed that males gender were associated with more severe cases of COVID-19 disease status (p=0.018).
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