Document Type : Original research


1 FICMS-ENT, Department of Otolaryngology, Kirkuk General Hospital

2 Department of surgery, Azadi teaching hospital, kirkuk, Iraq

3 FICMS-ENT, Department of Otolaryngology, Azadi Teaching Hospital


Background:Hoarseness remain one of the major complain of patients visiting Otolaryngology clinic and regarded as one of the intractable conditions for treatment.It is almost a benign condition and could be treated by medical or surgical treatment according to the severity of symptoms and duration of patient complain. Patients and Methods: A prospective study had been carried out on 120 patients who attended ENT out patient clinic in Azadi teaching hospital from January 2018 to January 2019. All the cases had been diagnosed with either indirect laryngeal mirror or by flexible laryngoscope. The cases treated in the out patient as a conservative measures or the patients had been admitted and treated with a surgical maneuvers. Results: The patients consisted of 55%(64) males and 45%(56) females with an average age of 40 years. In this study the incidence of chronic hoarseness(65.84%) was more common than acute hoarseness(34.16%) and acute laryngitis(26.66%) was the most common cause of acute hoarseness,while Vocal cord polyp was the most common cause of chronic hoarseness (22.5%) . Conclusions: The commonest cause of hoarseness was found to be acute laryngitis of Larynx which predominantly affects young males. The peak age incidence is between 21-30 years, Males are affected more than females


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