Document Type : Original research
K1 general hospital at Kirkuk city
Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the greatest health threats of recent times for global population, T2DM is associated with two to four excess risk of cardiovascular disease, Serum lipids are frequently abnormal and are likely to contribute to the risk of coronary artery disease, and there an 18% increased risk of cardiovascular disease for each 1% increase of HbA1c in diabetic population,
Method and patient: this is across sectional study which was carried out on 100 diabetic patients ,62 male and 38 female with age from 38-75years, after fasting of at least 8 hours, fasting blood sugar, HbA1C and lipid profile were measured.
Result: patients were divided into two groups; the controlled group with HbA1c of 7% or less, and uncontrolled group with HbA1c of more than 7% ,the controlled group include 28% of the patients while the uncontrolled group include 72% of the patients with mean age of 50.50±12.60 and 53.94±7.99 respectively, with no significant difference(p-value=0.187), while there was significant difference in lipid profile between the two groups.
Conclusions: most diabetic patients are uncontrolled and dyslipidemia, and HbA1c is used as a dual marker for dyslipidemia and diabetic control.