The Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences employs a rigorous double-blind peer review process to ensure the quality of the review. To submit a manuscript, authors are required to use our online submission system. Manuscripts that meet the minimal requirements of KJMS and align with the journal's scope are forwarded by the editor-in-chief to three external scientific reviewers who are not affiliated with the authors' institute or part of the KJMS editorial board. Before commencing the review process, iThenticate is utilized to check for any similarities. Within one to two months, corresponding authors receive a notification via email through our online system, indicating whether their manuscript has been accepted or rejected. The reviewing of submitted manuscripts in KJMS heavily relies on external reviewers, while the editorial board members do not participate as reviewers. However, they play a crucial role in selecting reviewers based on their expertise and academic reputation.